Documented research on Clubhouses indicates that members and their communities benefit from higher employment rates, a decrease in hospitalization, reduced incarceration, improved well-being, and comparatively reduced cost of services.4 Research findings can be found at www.iccd.org in the research section. The Seattle Clubhouse expects to achieve similar outcomes. Providing people with mental illness the opportunity to achieve social, financial, and vocational goals at a clubhouse has been show to result in:
Higher Employment: Two studies have shown that the clubhouse model produces higher rates of employment, longer job tenure, and higher earnings than other programs offered for people with mental illness. A study of 17 clubhouses has shown that longer job tenure and higher earnings correlates to longer clubhouse membership. In the state of Massachusetts, members of 29 clubhouses had combined earnings of nearly $11 million from employment in their communities. 5,6,7
Reduced Hospitalization: In one study, membership in a clubhouse reduced the number of hospitalizations by one third and reduced the average number of hospital days by 70%.8
Reduced Incarcerations: Criminal justice system involvement has been found to be substantially diminished during and after clubhouse membership.9
Improved Well-Being Compared with individuals receiving services as usual, clubhouse members were significantly more likely to report that they had close friendships and someone they could rely on when they needed help. A recent study suggests that service systems should prioritize services that offer ongoing social supports like Clubhouses, as they enhance mental and physical healthy by reducing disconnectedness.10
Reduced Cost of Services: The cost to support one person for one year at the Seattle Clubhouse is projected at about $3,600. Clubhouses have been found to cost one-third of the IPS model, about half the annual cost of Community Mental Health Centers, and substantially less than the ACT model.11 Also worth noting here is that the cost of one year at the Clubhouse is actually less than a 4-day stay in a psychiatric hospital in Washington State.